Source: Ask Imam
Allah Ta’āla mentions in the Holy Qur’aan,
إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ [فاطر: 28]
Only those amongst His servants who possess knowledge fear Allah.
Who is an Aalim?
In Explaining this verse, Hazrat Hassan Basri Rahimahullah mentioned:
الْعَالِمُ مَن خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَنَ بِالْغَيْبِ، وَرَغِبَ فِيمَا رَغِبَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ،
An Alim is a person who fears Allah in private and in public, and likes what Allah likes him to do, and hates what is detestable in the sight of Allah. 1
Hazrat Rabi ibn Anas Rahimahullah mentioned,
مَنْ لَمْ يَخْشَ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى فَلَيْسَ بِعَالِمٍ
Whoever does not fear Allah is not considered as a (true) Alim. 2
Ahmad Ibn Salih al-Misri Rahimahullah mentioned:
أَنَّ الْخَشْيَةَ لَا تُدْرَكُ بِكَثْرَةِ الرِّوَايَةِ، وَأَمَّا الْعِلْمُ الَّذِي فَرَضَ اللَّهُ، عَزَّ وَجَلَّ،
Fear of Allah cannot be recognized on the basis of someone’s prolific reporting of events or abundance of knowledge, in fact,it is identified through one’s adherence to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet. 3
Hazrat Abdullah ibn Masood Radhiallahu Anhu mentioned.
لَيْسَ الْعِلْمُ بِكَثْرَةِ الْحَدِيثِ وَلَكِنَّ الْعِلْمَ بِالْخَشْيَةِ
Memorizing or knowing many Ahadith (or, talking a lot) is no ‘Ilm (knowledge). Instead, (real) knowledge comes when one has the awe and fear of Allah with it. 4
Mulla Ali Qari Rahimahullah records a statement of Hazrat Hassan Basri Rahimahullah in his magnum opus Mirqaat,
إِنَّمَا الْفَقِيهُ الزَّاهِدُ فِي الدُّنْيَا، الرَّاغِبُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ، الْبَصِيرُ بِأَمْرِ دِينِهِ، الْمُدَاوِمُ عَلَى عِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ،
A faqīh is one who is abstinent in this world, desirous of the Hereafter, fully watchful with regard to his Dīnī matters, and constant in his worship of Allāh. 5
Khashiyat is the outstanding feature of an Aalime Rabbani. However, it is an internal quality and a condition of the heart. We should appreciate those Ulama who are eloquent in their speeches and sacrifice their time and comfort to educate the Ummah. Their sacrifices could also be an expression of their khashiyat of Allah and concern for the Ummah in their hearts.
Furthermore, it is our belief that no person, irrespective of who is, an Aalim, Mufti or Shaikh is not sinless. We are advised to focus on our shortcomings rather than the shortcomings of others.
We advise you to read the following book by Hazrat Moulana Saleem Dhorat Saheb titled, who is an Aalime Rabbani?http://www.alqamarpublications.com/images/English_Books/Aalim-e-Rabbani-new_edition.pdf
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best