Types of Daily Salah

Hereunder are the different types of Salah.

1)    Fardh is a first degree of obligation and is proven and indicative from a text that is explicit (قطعي الثبوت،قطعي الدلالة) for example, a verse of the Quran that is explicit on the issue, or Ahadith that are absolutely authentic (متواتر).

Ruling[i]: Leaving out a Fard act is sinful and punishable.

The Fardh Salah are: Fajr, Zohar, Asr, Magrib, Esha.

2)    Wajib[ii] is a second degree of obligation after Fardh and is proven through such a text that is either explicit in establishing a point (قطعي الثبوت) and assumed by indication (ظني الدلالة) or vice versa.

Ruling: Leaving out a Wajid act is sinful and punishable.

Wajib Salah is Witr.

3)    Sunnah Mua’kkadah[iii] is a third degree of obligation and is proven through emphasized actions of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.

Ruling[iv]: Leaving out a Sunnah Mua’kkadah act, is detestable and sinful.

They are[v]: 2 Rak’aats before the Fardh of Fajr, 4 Rak’aats before the Fardh of Zohar, 2 Rak’aats after the Fardh of Zohar, 2 Rak’aats after Magrib Salah, 2 Rak’aats after Esha Salah.

4)    Sunnah-Ghair Mua’kkadah[vi]  are those prayers which Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam did not perform continuously.

Ruling: [vii] If one practises on Sunnah Ghair Mua’kkadah, he will be rewarded. There is no sin in leaving out a Sunnah Ghair Mua’kkadah.

Sunnat-Ghair Mua’kkadah are:

4 Rak’aats before the Fardh of Asr, 4 Rak’aats before the Fardh of Esha.

5)    Nafl[viii] are optional prayers Like Tahajjud Salah.

Ruling[ix]: If one practises on Nafl prayers he will be rewarded. There is no sin in leaving out a Nafl.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Source: Ask Imam

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